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Anatomy terminology quiz


Ryan McVay | Digital Vision | Thinkstock

Sure, you can explain the basics of just about any disease process. And you know the human body better than most people.

But do you remember the “real names” of all the internal body parts? Double check your knowledge with our anatomy terminlogy quiz.

 1.   The area of the body between the diaphragm and pelvis is:

2.   The bony projection of the scapula is called the:

3.   What is one of the two secretory organs that lie atop the kidneys?

 4.   A small saclike dilation of the terminal bronchioles in the lung is called the:

 5.   Which term means front or ventral?

6.   A foreign substance that causes antibody formation when introduced into the body is called an:

7.   The main trunk of the systemic arterial circulation, originating from the left ventricle and eventually branching into two common iliac arteries is the:

8.   The pigmented ring around the nipple is the:

 9.   A joint or articulation is called:

10. The extension of a nerve cell that conveys impulses away from the cell body is:

 11. A small branch of the bronchus is:

12. What term means pertaining to the cheek?

 13. The portion of the brain situated in the posterior cranial fossa, behind the brain stem is:

14.       Small, hair-like projections on the outer surfaces of some cells are called

15.       What term means pertaining to the wrist?

16. What is the pouch located at the proximal end of the large intestine?

17.       The spiral tube that makes up a portion of the inner ear is called:

18. The rounded projection at the end of the bone is called a:

19. What term means pertaining to the heart or its arteries?

20. What term means pertaining to the ribs?

21. What term means pertaining to the skin?

22. What is the skin layer beneath the epidermis?

23. What is the shaft of a long bone called?

24. What is the part of the brain located between the cerebral hemisphere and the midbrain?

25. What is the term for a passage or canal?

26. What is the outermost layer of the meninges?

27. What is the interior lining of the heart called?

28. What is the outermost layer of the skin, the one lacking vessels?

29.       What is the term for the ends of a long bone?

30. What is the muscular canal that transports nutrients from the pharynx to the stomach?

31. What is one of two ducts extending from the uterus to the ovary?

32.       Which of the following means a small opening?

33. What is the base of a hollow organ, the part farthest from the organ’s outlet, called?

 34. What is a cluster of nerve cell bodies found outside the central nervous system called?

35. The capillaries of the kidney are known as:

36. The protein found in red blood cells that contains iron and transports oxygen is:

37. The structure in the diencephalon that secretes vasopressin and oxytocin is:

38. What is that part of the small intestine that connects proximally with the duodenum and distally with the ileum?

39. What term means pertaining to tears?

40. What is the large gland in the right upper abdomen that is divided into four lobes?

41. What is the small oval structure that filters lymph, fights infection and aids hematopoiesis?

42. What are the projections at the distal ends of the tiba and fibula?

43. What is the upper part of the sternum called?

44.       What are the bones of the hand located between the wrist and the fingers?

45. The thick, contractile layer of muscle cells that forms the heart wall is called:

46. The structural and functional unit of the kidney is:

47. The term that means back of the head is:

48. The term that refers to the roof of the mouth is:

49. The term meaning located near the ear is:

50. The term pertaining to the chest or breast is:

51. One of the tapering bones that makes up the fingers and toes is:

52. The innermost covering of the brain and spinal cord is:

53. What is the colorless, watery fluid portion of lymph and blood?

54. What is the thin serous membrane that encloses the lung?

55. What portion of the brain lies between the medulla and the mesencephalon?

56. What is the wedged-shaped bone at the base of the skull?

57. What is the long, flat bone that forms the middle portion of the thorax?

58. What is the point of contact between adjacent neurons?

59. What is the term for your instep?

60. What is the nearly cylindrical tube in the neck, extending from the larynx to the bronchi, that serves as a passageway for air?

61. The acetabulum is the hip joint socket into which the head of the femur fits.

 62. The efferent neuron is a nerve cell that conveys impulses from the periphery to the central nervous system.

63. An antigen is immunoglobulin produced by the body in response to exposure to a specific foreign substance.

64. The auricle is the vessel that carries blood away from the heart.

65. Carpal means pertaining to the cheek.

66. The portion of the brain situated in the posterior cranial fossa, behind the brain stem, and coordinates voluntary and muscular activity is the cerebrum.

67. Cortex means pertaining to the ribs.

68. Condyle is the shaft of a long bone.

69. A duct is the outpouching from a tubular organ such as the intestine.

70. Exocrine gland secrete into the blood or lymph rather than into a duct.

71. A foramen is an incompletely ossified area of a neonate’s skull.

72. Hemoglobin is protein found in white blood cells that contains iron and transports oxygen.

73. The intestine is the portion of the GI tact that extends from the stomach to the anus.

74. The malleolus is the tiny hammer-shaped bone in the middle ear.

75. The myocardium is the middle portion of the thorax between the pleural sacs that contain the lungs.

The Learning Nurse Resource Network ( provides safe, convenient, online informal learning opportunities for nurses and nursing students world-wide. Learning Nurse is a hassle-free, independent, educational resource with no registration, no ads and no fees! Learning resources include competency self-assessment tools, a test and quiz center (100 plus nursing quizzes with over 6,500 questions), an e-Learning center, personality diagnostic tools, links to medical videos and podcasts, and other information / links of interest to the nursing profession. Learning Nurse, created in April 2008, was designed and is operated / hosted by Steppingstones Partnership, Inc.

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