- The best way to prevent nosocomial infections is to:
a. Perform regular hand hygiene
b. Keep sick patients isolated
c. Screen hospital visitors for illnesses
d. Change linens on a daily basis
2. Which of the following issues place patients at an increased risk for developing a nosocomial infection? (select all that apply)
a. Diminished appetite
b. Has an indwelling Foley catheter
d. Open wounds
e. Has an intravenous line
3. Culture and sensitivity tests are important in the patient-care setting because:
a. Not all wounds should be treated
b. Some infections are worse than others
c. Different organisms are treated with different antibiotics
d. Patients have a right to know
4. Which patient should you attend to first when starting your shift?
a. A 36-year-old man who is having trouble breathing
b. A 26-year-old woman who is complaining of abdominal pain
d. An elderly male patient who is disoriented
d. An elderly female patient who needs toileting assistance
5. One of your patients has just been diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and states, “I can’t stop thinking about death.” How should you respond?
a. “Try not to think about death too much.”
b. “Can you tell me more about these thoughts and how you’re feeling?”
c. “That’s normal considering your diagnosis.”
d. “If you stay positive, I’m sure everything will be fine.”
6. The doctor has ordered 0.25 g of amoxicillin for your patient. Only 125 mg tablets of amoxicillin are available. How many tablets should you give per dose?
a. 1 tablet
b. 4 tablets
c. 50 tablets
d. 2 tablets
7. Which of the following children is at greatest risk for cognitive impairment?
a. A 3-year-old child living in an older home undergoing renovations
b. A preschooler who was breast fed until the age of 2
c. A 2-year-old child who has 5 older siblings
d. A school-age child who has recently moved
8. Which patient statement indicates an understanding of immunosuppression?
a. “I need to take medications to prevent my body from attacking the donor organ.”
b. “As long as my donor is related to me, my body will treat the new kidney as its own.”
c. “I can’t go out as much now that I have a new kidney.”
d. “In a few years, I can stop taking my immunosuppressant medications.”
9. Several of the following medical conditions are associated with anxiety. Which ones aren’t? (select all that apply)
c. Lung Cancer
10. When determining whether or not a patient has a thyroid disorder, which of the following questions will provide the most useful information?
a. “What time do you usually go to bed?”
b. “How many meals do you prepare throughout the day?”
c.“Has your weight fluctuated recently?”
d. “Do you have any food allergies?”
Answers: 1. a 2. b, d, e 3. c 4. a 5. b 6. d 7. a 8. a 9. a, d 10. c