One of the most sought-after and lucrative jobs nowadays is nursing. It provides a variety of chances for people who desire to improve the lives of others.
Hospitals, governmental organizations, and nursing programs will all place a high focus on the nurse shortage in 2023. The U.S. Department of Labor announced $80 million in grants in October 2022 to encourage more students to enroll in nursing schools and expand the number of nursing professors.
However, before becoming a nurse, one must first choose the type of nursing program that is best for them.
Two of the most popular options are the Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) and the Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) programs. Both solutions offer distinct advantages and disadvantages, and it is critical to grasp the distinctions between them prior to making a selection.
Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN)
A two-year curriculum called an ADN is available at community colleges and technical institutes. It’s intended to give students the information and abilities they require to become registered nurses (RN).
ADN courses are designed to teach students the fundamental nursing principles and techniques required to successfully pass the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN).
Upon completion of the program, graduates will receive an associate degree and will be eligible to take the NCLEX-RN exam to become licensed RN.
Benefits of an ADN Program
- Shorter Program: ADN programs are shorter than BSN programs, which can be beneficial for individuals who want to enter the workforce quickly.
- Cost: ADN programs are typically less expensive than BSN programs because they are shorter and offered at community colleges and technical schools.
- Clinical Experience: For students who learn best by doing, ADN programs often provide more practical clinical experience than BSN programs.
Drawbacks of an ADN Program
- Limited Career Opportunities: RNs with an ADN degree typically have fewer career opportunities than those with a BSN degree.
- Limited Advancement Opportunities: The nursing field may offer few prospects for promotion for RNs with an ADN degree.
- Limited Specialization: ADN programs typically do not offer the same level of specialization as BSN programs.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN)
A BSN program is a four-year degree that is commonly provided in universities. It is designed to provide students with a more comprehensive education in nursing, including a strong emphasis on leadership, critical thinking, and research. BSN programs also include more classroom and lab work than ADN programs.
Graduates of the program will be awarded a bachelor’s degree and be qualified to sit for the NCLEX-RN test, which is required to get an RN license.
One variation of the BSN program is the Accelerated BSN program which is designed for individuals who already have a non-nursing bachelor’s degree, and it is usually a one or two-year program. This course is an excellent choice for people who want to change occupations and become nurses.
Accelerated BSN programs are typically more intense and fast-paced than traditional BSN programs, but they offer the same comprehensive education and benefits as a traditional BSN program.
Benefits of a BSN Program
- Career Opportunities: RNs with a BSN degree typically have more career opportunities than those with an ADN degree.
- Advancement Opportunities: RNs with a BSN degree have more opportunities for advancement within the nursing profession, including management and leadership roles.
- Specialization: BSN programs typically offer more specialization options than ADN programs, such as pediatrics, oncology, and more.
According to 2021 research by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 40.6% of healthcare facilities need a BSN degree, while 77.4% of companies prefer to recruit BSN graduates.
Drawbacks of a BSN Program
- Longer Program: BSN programs are longer than ADN programs, which can be a drawback for individuals who want to enter the workforce quickly.
- Cost: BSN programs are typically more expensive than ADN programs because they are longer and offered at universities.
- Less Clinical Experience: BSN programs typically include less hands-on clinical experience than ADN programs, which may not be suitable for students who learn best by doing.
To summarize, both the BSN and ADN programs have advantages and drawbacks. ADN programs are shorter and less expensive, but they offer fewer career opportunities and limited advancement opportunities within the nursing profession.
BSN programs, on the other hand, offer more comprehensive education and more career opportunities, but they are longer and more expensive.
For people who already have a bachelor’s degree in a field other than nursing and want to become nurses more quickly, there is also an accelerated BSN program. Before choosing a program to enroll in, it’s crucial to take your job objectives, study preferences, and financial condition into account.